Bagurumba Dance – Exploring the Vibrant of Assam

Bagurumba Dance

Bagurumba people dance may be a colorful people dance from the state. it’s a standard dance of the Bodo community in the state. The Bagurumba dance originated from nature thousands of years ago. Generally, Bodo people like to stay in green surroundings. This folk dance is inspired by and dedicated to nature.

Over time, the bagurumba folk dance has become one of the most popular folk dances in Assam. When Bagurumba is performed on a grand scale, it feels like butterflies are dancing and roaming the ground. That is the magnificence of this show.

The folks are currently familiar everywhere around the globe. folks from alternative countries acknowledge it as an awfully inventive dance type. This is because the Bagurumba dance has always been supported by many people only from the local Bodo population. One amazing fact about traditional dance is that it has many steps in common with the traditional dance of Chinese culture.

Bagurumba Dance - Exploring the Vibrant of Assam

Bagurumba Dance Performance

Bagurumba is one such folk dance whose charm continues to enchant thousands. The beauty of this dance is that it runs as an inherent element in the blood of North Eastern people. People from generation to generation continue to perform the famous Bagurumba folk dance. Bagurumba is performed by traditional Bodo women. They perform it with the utmost joy and happiness. Women wear traditional colorful dress which is known as Dokhna, Jwmgra also known as Fasra along with Aronai. Although Bagurumba dance is recognized as the main traditional dance of Bodo people, there are also​​​​some other dances which are known as Mwsaglangnai dance, Bardwisikhla dance, Daosri Delai dance, Gwlao Mwsanai, and so on.

The various dance forms of the Bodo people are called Kristi dance. The dance is accompanied by a series of instructions which are called Kham, Sifung, Jhota, Tharkha, Gongwna, etc. The folk dance has its origin in the Bodoland of Assam.

As this dance is inspired by nature, all the steps are similar to what we see in everyday life. For example, animals playing with each other, trees dancing with the wind, a river flowing in waves, etc.

Bwishagh Festival

The Bagurumba folk dance is performed at the Bwishagu festival. People worship cows and then bow to their elders at the Bwishag festival. Bathou is the main deity of the Bwishag festival. Where Peoples offer him chicken, rice, beer, and Zou. The Bagurumba folk dance is performed for the pleasure of Batha, which is the symbol of the Sizu plant for the Boro people.

Bagurumba Folk Dance Costume

During the Bagurumba dance, women wear brightly colored clothes. She wears traditional Assamese clothing which includes a skirt, blouse, and dupatta. There is one special cloth that he wears around his shoulder and holds in each hand. This fabric is a traditional fabric of the Bodo community. In the Bagurumba dance, this fabric is used as butterfly wings. All colors represent the colors of nature. The main colors used are yellow, green, and red.

Musical Instruments

Among many different musical instruments, Bodos use Bagurumba for dancing

It is a long bamboo flute that has five holes instead of six as the North Indian Bansuri would have and is also much longer than that so it produces a much lower pitch.

Serja – It looks like a violin.
Sifung – a flute-like instrument.
Kham – It is a drum made of animal skin and wood.
Tharkha – An instrument made from two bamboo chips.
Jota – This tool is made of iron.
Gongwna – It is made of bamboo.

The Popularity of the Bagurumba Dance

The Bagurumba dance also impressed Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who addressed a mammoth gathering in Kokrajhar on 6 February 2020 to celebrate the dyeing of the historic Bodo accord. After landing at Jangkhritai Pwthar, at the venue of the event, Modi ji was seen exchanging words with the dancers and musicians.


The Bagurumba dance of Assam is a mesmerizing and culturally significant folk dance performed by the Bodo tribe. Its graceful movements, synchronized gestures, and rhythmic music create an enchanting spectacle. Bagurumba dance showcases the rich cultural heritage of Assam and serves as a symbol of unity and celebration. Through its vibrant and elegant performances, the dance continues to captivate audiences and promote the cultural diversity of the region.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about the Bagurumba Dance of Assam:

1.)What is the significance of Bagurumba dance?

Ans. Bagurumba dance holds cultural and religious significance for the Bodo community. It is performed to worship the divine deity Bathou and to express joy, harmony, and unity among the participants.

2.)How is Bagurumba dance performed?

Ans. Bagurumba dance involves a group of female dancers wearing traditional attire, including dokhona (a Bodo ethnic dress), mekhela chador (a two-piece garment), and traditional jewelry. The dancers form a circle and move gracefully to the rhythm of traditional musical instruments like the dhol (drum), taal (cymbals), and flute.

3.)What are the key features of Bagurumba dance?

Ans. Bagurumba dance is characterized by its elegant and rhythmic movements, synchronized hand gestures, swaying of the body, and footwork. The dancers maintain a circular formation, symbolizing unity and harmony.

4.)What occasions are Bagurumba dance performed at?

Ans. Bagurumba dance is performed on various occasions, including Bwisagu (Bodo New Year), Bodo festivals like Kherai Puja and Domashi, and cultural events. It is also showcased to promote Assamese culture during regional and national festivals.

5.)Is Bagurumba dance only performed by women?

Ans. Bagurumba dance primarily features female dancers, but it may also include male performers in supporting roles. Men typically play the musical instruments or provide vocals during the performance.

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