Jhora Dance: A Vibrant Folk Tradition of Uttarakhand

Jhora Dance is from the Uttarakhand district. It originated in the Kumaon region. This form of magical folk dance binds people from all walks of life. Everyone enjoys dancing in a peaceful way. Jhora dance is often seen in the evenings at weddings or exhibitions. This type of dance is usually performed in the morning or evening, in the spring. This dance is performed at least six to over 200 times. As the dancers sing, everyone who watches is filled with energy. Everyone jumps up to join the dance. It is usually done in the spring. People from all over the world came to see this form of traditional dance.

Jhora Dance of Uttarakhad
Jhora Dance: A Vibrant Folk Tradition of Uttarakhand

Jhora Dance Performance

Men and women folded their arms and walked in a circular motion. They bend their bodies smoothly. Dancers move their bodies at every turn from left to right. There is no limit to the number of people participating. Everyone continues to join in every rhythm of the song. The whole place is filled with people enjoying the dance soon.

Jhora Dance Steps

The steps are different from the Jhora dance. First, the dancers lift their right leg and then cross their left leg, then strike the right leg down. Then, in the next rhythm, they toss their left leg aside, jumping up and down and polishing it with a small dip. This is the first step they follow. After this, they all returned to their original position. The first step is followed by every type of dance that offers a chance on both legs.

All steps are accompanied by a small and smooth jump and movement of the old neck. The songs have a unique style, too. The songs are very similar to the conversation between men and women.

There is really no time limit for dance form and it sometimes lasts 24 hours longer with new bands joining while older ones retire. Sometimes, in a fun mood, they can dance Do Manjila Jhora-a Jhora with two stories. Most of the time it lasts about twenty-four hours again. Older players leave the circle, younger ones continue to join.

Jhora Dance of Uttarakhand
Jhora Dance: A Vibrant Folk Tradition of Uttarakhand

Jhora Dance music and instruments

In this type of dance, people continue to associate with other dancers. The number of Jhora dancers is increasing as the music continues. In this dance, men and women dance together in a circular pattern and hold each other while dancing to the accompaniment of music. During the traditional Jhora dance, music begins first with the traditional ‘Hurka’ drum in the background. This type of drum is slightly different from the traditional drums present in the list of ancient Indian instruments. As the drums beat, the bodies of the dancers are moved from left to right and the new members continue to join after one successful circle.

Jhora Dance Costumes

Jhora’s dance costumes are very beautiful. Women dress to look their best. They wear all kinds of simple ornaments like earrings, necklaces, bracelets, etc. Decorations may be simple, but the power they have themselves makes them look beautiful.


Here are some frequently asked questions about the Jhora dance:

1. What is the origin of the Jhora dance?

Jhora dance has its origin in the rural region of West Bengal, India. The dance is believed to have originated during prehistoric times when farmers used to perform it to celebrate a good harvest.

2. How is the Jhora dance performed?

This dance is performed in a circular formation. The dancers hold each other’s hands and move in a circular motion while performing various steps. The dance starts at a slow pace and gradually gains momentum. The dancers move their feet, hands, and hips in synchrony.

3. What is the costume of the Jhora dance?

The costume of the Jhora dance is vibrant and colorful. Men wear dhoti and kurta with a gamchha (a type of cotton scarf) tied around their waist. Women wear a saree with a matching blouse. They tie their hair in a bun and adorn themselves with traditional jewelry.

4. What is the significance of the Jhora dance?

This dance signifies the spirit of unity and harmony. The dance is performed during the harvest season to celebrate the bounty of nature and the hard work of farmers. It is also believed to please the goddess of wealth and prosperity, Maa Lakshmi.


In conclusion, the Jhora dance is a beautiful and lively folk dance of West Bengal that showcases the spirit of unity and harmony. The dance is an integral part of the Bengali culture and is performed during the harvest season to celebrate the bounty of nature and the hard work of farmers. Jhora dance is a testimony to the rich cultural heritage of India.

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