Phagua dance of jharkhand

Phagua dance of jharkhand

Phagua Dance is a traditional folk dance of Jharkhand, India, which is performed during the Phagun month of the Hindu calendar (February-March). The dance is performed to celebrate the arrival of the spring season, which is considered to be a time of joy and renewal.

The Phagua dance is performed by both men and women, who dress in colorful traditional costumes and use various props such as sticks, swords, and shields. The dance is accompanied by the beats of the dhol and nagada drums, as well as other traditional musical instruments like the shehnai, flute, and dhak.

The dance is characterized by fast-paced movements and acrobatics, with dancers jumping and spinning in the air while holding their props. The dancers also form circles and lines, and sometimes engage in mock battles with each other.

Phagua dance is not only a form of entertainment but also a way to preserve the cultural heritage of the region. The dance has been passed down from generation to generation and is an integral part of the social and cultural fabric of the Jharkhandi people.

Performance of phagua dance of jharkhand

A typical Phagua dance performance begins with the dancers gathering in a circle, with the musicians in the center. The dancers then begin to move in a synchronized manner, following the beats of the drums and other musical instruments.

As the performance progresses, the dancers start to use their props, such as sticks or swords, in their movements. They may also form different formations and patterns, including circles, lines, and zig-zags.

The dancers often engage in acrobatics, such as jumping and spinning in the air, adding an element of excitement and thrill to the performance. Some dancers may also perform solo acts, showcasing their individual skills and abilities.

The music and dance gradually become faster and more energetic, building up to a crescendo towards the end of the performance. The dancers may engage in mock battles with each other, using their props to simulate combat.

Overall, a Phagua dance performance is a vibrant and colorful display of the rich cultural heritage of Jharkhand, and a celebration of the arrival of the spring season.

Phagua Dance costume

The attire worn by the Phagua dancers is colorful and vibrant, reflecting the joyous spirit of the dance. Women usually wear traditional sarees or lehengas in bright colors, along with jewelry and bangles. Men wear dhotis and kurtas in equally bright colors, along with turbans or headbands. Both men and women wear scarves and carry props such as sticks, swords, or shields. The costumes and accessories are often adorned with intricate embroidery, mirror work, and other decorative elements, adding to the overall visual appeal of the performance.

Musical instruments used in phagua dance

Phagua dance is accompanied by a variety of traditional musical instruments that add to the overall festive atmosphere of the dance. The most prominent instruments used include the dhol, nagada, shehnai, flute, and dhak. The dhol and nagada are percussion instruments that provide the rhythmic beats for the dance, while the shehnai and flute add melody and harmony. The dhak is a type of drum that is used to create a loud and powerful sound, particularly during the more intense parts of the performance. These instruments are played by skilled musicians who are well-versed in the traditional music of Jharkhand, and their music is an integral part of the Phagua dance experience.

The Phagua dance of Jharkhand is a folk dance that is performed during the festival of Holi. The musical instruments used in the Phagua dance of Jharkhand include:

Nagara: It is a type of large drum that is played with sticks.

Dhol: It is a cylindrical drum that is played with sticks.

Shehnai: It is a type of wind instrument that is played using the mouth.

Bansuri: It is a type of flute that is played by blowing air into it.

Dholak: It is a type of drum that is played with both hands.

Harmonium: It is a type of keyboard instrument that is played by pumping air into it using a foot pedal.

Taal: It is a type of cymbal that is played by clashing two pieces together.

These instruments are used to create a lively and energetic rhythm that complements the dance movements of the performers.

why we do phagua dance ?

The Phagua dance is a traditional folk dance from Jharkhand, India, performed during the Holi festival. The dance is a way to celebrate Holi and express happiness and togetherness with friends and family. Both men and women participate in the dance while wearing colorful clothes and smearing colored powder on each other’s faces. The dance is believed to have religious significance, as it honors Lord Krishna, who is associated with the festival of Holi. Additionally, it is said to represent the victory of good over evil, commemorating the triumph of the god Vishnu over the demon Holika.


Phagua Dance of Jharkhand is a captivating folk dance form that embodies the spirit of joy, celebration, and unity. Rooted in the cultural fabric of the region, it serves as a platform for the community to come together, express their exuberance, and rejoice in the arrival of spring. The dance’s energetic movements, colorful attire, and rhythmic beats create an electrifying atmosphere that leaves a lasting impression on both performers and spectators. Phagua Dance not only preserves the cultural heritage of Jharkhand but also strengthens the bonds of harmony and camaraderie among its people. Through its vibrant display of artistry and tradition, Phagua Dance continues to captivate and inspire generations, ensuring that the rich cultural legacy of Jharkhand thrives and flourishes.

FAQs about Phagua Dance of Jharkhand:

Q1: What is Phagua Dance?

A1: Phagua Dance is a traditional folk dance form performed during the Phagua festival in Jharkhand, India. It is a vibrant and energetic dance that celebrates the arrival of spring and the triumph of good over evil.

Q2: When is the Phagua festival celebrated in Jharkhand?

A2: The Phagua festival is usually celebrated during the month of March or April, coinciding with the Hindu festival of Holi. The exact dates vary each year based on the lunar calendar.

Q3: What is the significance of Phagua Dance?

A3: Phagua Dance holds cultural and religious significance in Jharkhand. It is believed to ward off evil spirits and bring prosperity and happiness to the community. The dance is also a way to express joy, enthusiasm, and togetherness among the participants.

Q4: How is Phagua Dance performed?

A4: Phagua Dance involves rhythmic footwork, lively body movements, and the use of colorful props like sticks, handkerchiefs, and bells. The dancers form circles or lines and move in synchronized patterns, accompanied by traditional music and singing.

Q5: Who participates in Phagua Dance?

A5: Phagua Dance is performed by both men and women of all age groups. It is a community dance where everyone, regardless of caste, creed, or gender, can participate and celebrate together.

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