Paika Dance of Odisha – A Vibrant Celebration of Odia Culture

Paika Dance of Odisha

A famous dance form in the Khurda region of Odisha is Paika Naach or Paika Nritya. It is a powerful dance that requires a lot of strength and energy. It has been popular in Odisha since ancient times and is now an important part of popular festivals in eastern India. The Munda tribe in the Mayurbhanj district of Jharkhand is famous for the Paika dance. It is a special form of folk dance and representative of martial arts. This beautiful dance is an important part of weddings, Tokachi festivals, and many other festivals.

History of Paika Dance

The word Paika comes from the Sanskrit word Padika, which means infantry. In ancient times, Paika or the soldiers of the kingdom would do this dance to strengthen their courage. Paikas are not part of the regular army. They were hired by the king to conquer new territories. Unlike other warriors, Paika was given a large land because their main occupation is agriculture.

Purpose of Paika Dance:

Paika is a warrior who defends the kingdom with his life. They are martial arts. Later it became known as Pika after them. Paika plays entertained the masses at various festivals across the state. The dancers tell the story of how Munda used her dances against the British.This is a great way to teach the next generation the good deeds of their ancestors.

Paika Dance Performance:

This dance is performed in a ground called Paika Akhara. There are more than 20 akhadas in the Khurda area and this is organized every year during the Dussehra festival. Every year in the arena he collects some mounds of soil on the top of the mountain in preparation for the dance. Paika dance is performed only by men. Dance is a reflection of war.

Broke down while dancing on stage. A battle takes place where one team attacks and the other defends. Martial arts moves are an important part of boxing. The performers also perform acrobatics and gymnastics in the arena as part of the Paika dance.

They use swords, shields, sticks or sticks, and wheels or chakras as materials for performance. The dance began in slow motion as the two groups approached each other. Suddenly fast and powerful at high speed. The entire performance is framed with drum sounds. The enthusiasm of the group makes for the best form of entertainment for the audience.


The music is composed of various drums such as dhak and nagada. Some Indian instruments are also used, such as the Shehnai, Bheir, and Narsingha.

Costume Used in Paika Dance:

Pika dancers wear military uniforms and perform. Ties and colorful shirts along with beautiful veils are the traditional attire of paika dancers. They also wear silver jewelry on their necks, wrists, and ankles. Some dancers even wear fancy masks to enhance the movement. As Nritya is made during the festival, the dresses are made of shiny material in bright colors to attract the crowd.They use metal plates on their chest and face for protection. Bell anklets are also worn. Both hands are adorned with a metal strap. The whole look is very captivating and makes the viewer happy from start to finish


Paika Dance of Odisha is a captivating and vibrant form of traditional folk dance that holds immense cultural significance in the state of Odisha, India. With its rhythmic movements, expressive gestures, and colorful attire, This Dance mesmerizes audiences and showcases the rich heritage of Odia culture. This dynamic dance form not only entertains but also educates people about the historical context and martial traditions associated with the Paika warriors of Odisha. As a testament to the state’s deep-rooted traditions, Paika Dance continues to be performed and celebrated, preserving the cultural legacy of Odisha for generations to come.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) about the Paika Dance of Odisha:

What is Paika Dance?

Paika Dance is a traditional folk dance form from Odisha, India. It is characterized by vibrant costumes, rhythmic movements, and energetic footwork. Paika Dance draws inspiration from the martial traditions of the Paika warriors of Odisha.

What is the historical significance of the Paika Dance?

This Dance is rooted in the history of Odisha and its martial traditions. The dance form pays homage to the Paika warriors who fought against colonial rule in the 18th and 19th centuries. It showcases their valor, heroism, and the spirit of resistance.

What are the key features of Paika Dance?

This Dance is known for its vigorous movements, intricate footwork, and expressive gestures. The dancers wear colorful traditional costumes and often carry weapons like swords, shields, and spears to depict the martial elements of the dance.

Where is Paika Dance performed?

This Dance is primarily performed in various cultural festivals, religious events, and folk dance competitions within Odisha. It is also showcased on national and international platforms to promote and preserve the rich cultural heritage of Odisha.

Can anyone learn and perform Paika Dance?

Yes, Paika Dance can be learned and performed by individuals who have a passion for traditional dance forms. There are dance schools, academies, and cultural centers in Odisha that offer training in Paika Dance. It requires dedication, practice, and an understanding of the dance’s cultural significance.

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