Chailam Dance – A Rich Cultural Heritage Of Mizoram

Introduction of Chailam Dance

Chailam dance is important dance practiced in Mizoram. This folk dance is the state of India. this state in northeastern India, has a rich cultural heritage with various tribal communities, each with their distinct traditions and dances. Some of the popular traditional dances of Mizoram. Performed by the tribes of Mizoram. It is mainly celebrated during the festival of Chapchar Kut which is considered one of the most important festivals of the Mizo people. The people of this organize this festival every year and Chailam is an important part of this festival. Chailam dance symbolizes the spirit of happiness among the people.

Performance Of Chailam Dance

Chailam dance is performed in a group and both men and women participate enthusiastically in this dance. The steps of this festive dance are simple yet beautiful. Male and female dancers stand alternately in the shape of a circle. The women stand holding the waist of the men and the men hold their shoulders. Instruments such as drums and Mithun horns usually accompany the dance. Musicians playing drums and Mithun horns stand in the middle of the circle.

The musician choreographs the dance. The dance begins or the fourth stroke of the drum. The dancers swing from left to right according to the drum. beats All the participants sing in chorus while dancing. There is no time limit; The dance may continue for a long time. In earlier days, artists used to drink rice beer while dancing and singing. There are four versions of Chailam – Chailam I, Chailam II, Chailam III, and Chailam IV.

Costume Of Chailam Dance

The participants wear colorful traditional attire which reflects the rich creative culture of these people. To complete the get-up, the female dancers also wear traditional jewelry which includes necklaces, bangles, and earrings. The dance and costumes together create an exhilarating atmosphere for the audience.

Legend of Chailam dance, there is a legend behind this dance. Once the king and his men went hunting, but they were unable to kill. Seeing the despair of his men, he consoles them by inviting them to drink rice beer. After this, the men resort to singing and dancing, which is followed by a grand feast. this dance is performed during the festival.

Instruments Used in Chailam Dance

The traditional instruments commonly used during Chailam Dance in Mizoram include:

  1. Khuang: The Khuang is a type of drum made from wood and animal skin. It is played by striking the surface with sticks or hands. The Khuang provides the rhythmic foundation for the dance and adds a lively beat to the performance.
  2. Dar: The Dar is a small-sized drum often made from bamboo or wood. It is played by tapping or striking the drumhead with the hands or small sticks. The Dar produces a sharp, resonant sound that complements the rhythm of the dance.
  3. Tungtung: The Tungtung is a traditional bamboo flute that adds melodic elements to the Chailam Dance. The flutist plays different notes and tunes using finger holes, creating a soothing and enchanting musical accompaniment.
  4. Khuangchawi: The Khuangchawi is a type of gong made of metal. It is played by striking it with a mallet or a small stick. The deep, resonant sound of the Khuangchawi adds a unique timbre to the overall music ensemble.
  5. Sop: The Sop is a bamboo instrument similar to a Jew’s harp. It is played by plucking or striking the reed, creating a distinctive buzzing sound. The Sop adds a playful and rhythmic texture to the musical arrangement.

These instruments, with their distinct sounds and tones, create a captivating musical backdrop for the Chailam Dance, enhancing the overall experience and energizing the performers and the audience alike.


In conclusion, Chailam Dance of Mizoram represents a cultural treasure that exudes vibrancy, unity, and celebration. This traditional folk dance, performed by the Mizo community, carries deep significance and serves as a testament to the rich cultural heritage of Mizoram.

Through its rhythmic movements, expressive gestures, and colorful attire, Chailam Dance captivates both participants and spectators, providing a glimpse into the unique traditions and values of the Mizo people. It showcases their collective joy, communal harmony, and a strong sense of cultural identity.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about Mizoram:

Q1: What is Chailam Dance?

Chailam Dance is a traditional folk dance originating from the state of Mizoram, located in Northeast India. It is a vibrant and energetic dance form performed by the Mizo community during festivals and other celebratory occasions.

Q2: What is the significance of Chailam Dance?

Chailam Dance holds cultural and social significance for the Mizo people. It is considered a symbol of unity, joy, and communal harmony. The dance showcases the rich cultural heritage of Mizoram and helps preserve and pass down traditional values from one generation to another.

Q3: How is Chailam Dance performed?

Chailam Dance involves a group of dancers, typically young men and women, who form a circle or a line. They move in rhythmic patterns, often accompanied by traditional musical instruments like drums, gongs, and bamboo clappers. The dancers perform intricate footwork, graceful hand gestures, and synchronized movements that reflect the spirit of celebration and merriment.

Q4: What is the attire worn during Chailam Dance?

The dancers wear traditional Mizo attire during Chailam Dance. Men usually wear a Puanchei (a traditional wraparound cloth) along with a shirt, while women wear a Puan (a wraparound skirt) paired with a blouse. The attire is often adorned with vibrant colors, intricate patterns, and traditional ornaments, adding to the visual appeal of the performance.

Q5: Are there any specific occasions when Chailam Dance is performed?

Chailam folk Dance is typically performed during festivals and special events in Mizoram, such as Chapchar Kut (a harvest festival), Christmas celebrations, and other community gatherings. It serves as a form of entertainment and brings people together to rejoice in the spirit of festivity.

Q6: Are there any variations or regional styles of Chailam Dance?

Chailam folk Dance may have slight variations in different regions of Mizoram. These variations can include differences in movements, costumes, or musical accompaniments, influenced by local traditions and customs. However, the core essence and spirit of the dance remain the same.

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