Ghoomar Folk Dance – Vibrant Whirls of Rajasthani Tradition

Introduction to Ghoomar folk dance

Ghoomar from the name itself looks like – to roam. Here Gher is a Mewari word meaning to move in a circular line. Or Ghoomar is a folk dance that has been practiced since traditional times in the state of Rajasthan, India. In ancient times, Bhil tribe of Rajasthan started with the Ghoomar dance to worship mother Saraswati, only then it was also adopted by Rajasthani birders which is still known as Rajasthani folk dance. This dance is performed by women under the guise of a ghoonghat and they move around with dancing feet and moving hands to the song.

Origin of Ghoomar

Folk dance Ghoomar is a famous popular dance of the whole of Rajasthan. This folk dance is performed with great fervor in many districts of Rajasthan. This dance is also performed in Rajasthan from the Thar desert to Kota, Bundi, Jhalawar, Dungarpur, Banswara, Dholpur, Karauli, etc. in many other areas. In all these regions, Ghoomar is performed with some ornamentation at its own level, but in Rajasthan, the Ghoomar dance of the desert region is the best.

The story behind Ghoomar Dance

It is steeped in history and mythology, representing the rich cultural heritage of Rajasthan. According to folklore, Ghoomar Dance originated centuries ago in the royal courts of Rajasthan and was performed by Rajput women, particularly by the Bhil tribe. The dance form derives its name from the word “ghoomna,” which means to spin.

Legend has it that the dance was first performed by Queen Padmini of Chittorgarh. Queen Padmini, known for her beauty and grace, is said to have introduced Ghoomar Dance as a traditional art form in the Rajput courts. It is believed that the dance form was initially performed exclusively by women and was a way for them to express their joys, sorrows, and daily experiences.

Ghoomar Dance also has a strong connection with the worship of the Hindu goddess Saraswati. It is said that the circular movements and twirls in the dance are reminiscent of the spinning wheels used by the goddess to weave the fabric of creation. The dance, therefore, has a spiritual significance and is often performed during religious festivals and auspicious occasions.

The dance form has evolved over time, incorporating elements from different regions and communities within Rajasthan. Today, Ghoomar Dance is characterized by graceful spins, twirls, and rhythmic clapping, accompanied by traditional folk music and soulful songs that narrate tales of love, valor, and Rajasthani traditions.

Ghoomar Dance has gained immense popularity not only within Rajasthan but also across the world. It has become an iconic representation of Rajasthani culture and is often performed at cultural events, weddings, and festivals. Efforts are being made to preserve and promote this traditional dance form, ensuring that its captivating story and cultural significance continue to be cherished for generations to come.

Performance of Ghoomar folk dance

Ghoomar folk dance is a popular dance of Rajasthan, it is performed by Rajasthani women on every small and big auspicious occasion. Students also present this dance in schools on the occasion of Republic Day and Independence Day. This dance is mainly performed in Navratri, Gangaur, Chhoti-Teej, Badi-Teej, and Savan, festivals like Deepawali-Holi, and in auspicious marriages and auspicious programs, all women perform this dance in their families and society.
Who is the famous Ghoomar dancer? A famous dancer of Ghoomar is Gulabo Sapera who was also awarded Padma Shri by the President in the art of Ghoomar Folk.

How is Ghoomar folk dance performed?

The Rajasthani folk dance of Ghoomar is performed by women dressed in gherdar dresses and they move around together and control their hands to the tune of the Ghoomar song.

Types of Ghoomar:-

Incidentally, the Ghoomar dance is performed in a slightly different way in the tribal area, the Hadoti area of ​​Rajasthan and many other areas. There are also different ways to achieve this dance on any special occasion. As –

  • Ghoomar:- This Ghoomar is made by common women.
  • Rajwadi:- Played by Rajput women.
  • Lur:- This Ghoomar dance is performed by Garasia women.
  • Jhumriyo:- This dance is performed by girls.

Ghoomar Dance Costume

Women in Rajasthan have been wearing lehenga-odhani, kanchli since ancient times. Similarly, this folk dance is considered the soul of Rajasthani dance. To perform this dance, it is necessary for the woman to wear a ghagra with a hoop so that the non-turning of the women’s dress can be seen while performing this dance, which looks very beautiful. The woman who performs this dance removes the veil from her veil and looks very beautiful when performed under the guise of a cover.


Ghoomar Dance is a mesmerizing and vibrant folk dance of Rajasthan, India. With its graceful spins, intricate footwork, and colorful costumes, it showcases the rich cultural heritage and traditions of the region. This captivating dance form continues to enchant audiences worldwide, celebrating the beauty, grace, and unity of the Rajasthani community. Ghoomar Dance stands as a symbol of cultural pride and serves as a testament to the timeless traditions that define Rajasthan’s cultural identity.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about Ghoomar Folk Dance:

Q1: What is Ghoomar Folk Dance?

A1: Ghoomar is a traditional folk dance form originating from the state of Rajasthan in India. It is performed by women who gracefully twirl and move in circular patterns while wearing vibrant traditional attire.

Q2: What is the cultural significance of the Ghoomar Folk Dance?

A2: This Dance holds great cultural significance in Rajasthan. It is often performed during auspicious occasions, festivals, and weddings. The dance form showcases the rich Rajasthani culture, traditions, and the spirit of womanhood.

Q3: How is Ghoomar Dance performed?

A3: It involves graceful circular movements, where women twirl and spin in synchronization. The dancers move in a clockwise or anti-clockwise direction, displaying intricate footwork, rhythmic clapping, and swaying of the body. The dance also incorporates hand movements and expressions.

Q4: What is the traditional attire worn during Ghoomar Folk Dance?

A4: Women performing this Dance wear traditional attire, typically a long, flowing skirt called a “ghaghra,” a blouse known as a “choli,” and a dupatta (scarf) draped over the shoulders. The attire is adorned with vibrant colors, intricate embroidery, and mirror work, reflecting the vibrant Rajasthani culture.

Q5: Is Ghoomar Dance only performed by women?

A5: Yes, Ghoomar is traditionally performed exclusively by women. It is considered a celebration of femininity and grace. However, in contemporary times, there are instances where men also participate in Ghoomar performances.

Q6: What is the music like in Ghoomar Dance?

A6: The music accompanying Ghoomar Folk Dance is typically a traditional Rajasthani folk song. The music includes melodious tunes, rhythmic beats, and the soulful sound of instruments like the dholak (a drum), harmonium, sarangi (a bowed string instrument), and hartal (wooden clappers).

Q7: Can anyone learn Ghoomar Dance?

A7: This Dance is open to anyone who wishes to learn and appreciate the art form. It can be learned through training from experienced instructors who specialize in Rajasthani folk dances.

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