Brita Dance -The Impressive Folk Dance of West Bengal

Brita Dance of West Bengal

The West Bengal Brita is a folk dance form that originated in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is an important part of the heritage of the region and occupies an important place in the lives of the local people. Brita, also known as “Brihatchakra”, refers to the circle that is characteristic of this dance. Britta often leads religious holidays and events, especially during Durga Puja, one of the most important and celebrated in West Bengal. It is a form of group dance with men and women that creates energy and joy.

History/Origin of the Brita Dance

Brita Dance, also known as Brita Nritya, is a folk dance form with a rich history in the Indian state of West Bengal. Although its true history is not well documented, the dance form has been passed down from generation to generation, becoming an important part of the region’s heritage.

Brita dance is believed to have evolved from an ancient practice and has been performed in West Bengal for centuries. It has cultural and religious significance, especially during the Bengali New Year celebrations (“Pohela Boishakh”). The dance is closely related to the agricultural cycle and the coming of spring, symbolizing new life, harvest, and prosperity. The historical origin of Brita dance is rooted in the social and cultural roots of West Bengal. It shows the culture, beliefs, and values ​​of the local community. Through energetic, beautiful costumes and beautiful music, Brita’s dance showcases the culture and arts of the country.

The Brita dance developed over time and adapted to the changing culture. It is influenced by many factors such as local traditions, rituals, myths, and legends. The dance forms have also been adapted to suit modern needs while retaining their traditional meaning.

Today, Brita dance is still performed in both rural and urban areas of West Bengal, both as a community celebration and as an art form. Efforts are being made to preserve and promote this dance form through cultural institutions, festivals, and education to ensure it remains the legacy of West Bengal. While the historical record of Brita dance is limited, its long history and enduring popularity are a testament to the culture and pride that West Bengal celebrates.

Brita Dance Performances in West Bengal

The dance form you refer to is called ‘Bhawaiya’ or ‘Brita Dance’ and originated in West Bengal, India. Bhawaiya is a folk dance predominantly performed by the Rajbanshi community in the northern part of West Bengal, including Cooch Behar, Jalpaiguri, and Alipurduar.

Bhawaiya dance is mostly performed by men and women, with specific movements and gestures that express different personalities, narratives, and cultural themes. The dance is often accompanied by beautiful music consisting of totara (a plucked string), flute, and dhol (traditional drums).

Dancers hold their hands or arms in a circle or line and move according to the music. Bhawaiya’s steps and movements are beautiful; It includes complex movements, facial expressions, and facial expressions. Rapid movements characterize the dance, jumps, and turns, showing the strength and vitality of the performers.

The Bhawaiya dance is often performed at cultural festivals, weddings, and other celebrations in the Rajbanshi community. It is an expression of culture, storytelling, and the relationship between participants.

Costume of Brita Dance

The Costumes worn in West Bengal Brita Dance is an essential part of the performance and reflect the beauty and culture of the region. Some details about the clothes usually worn in Brita dance:

  1. Sarees for Women: Dancing women usually wear traditional Bengali sarees. Sarees are usually brightly colored and can have different patterns or designs. The combination of red and white is prominent because of the cultural significance of this color in the Bengali tradition.
  2. Male Kurta and Dhoti: Male dancers usually wear traditional Bengali clothing consisting of a plain or white kurta (loose tunic) and dhoti (a baggy fabric wrapped around the waist and both legs).A kurta is usually paired with a matching or contrasting-colored shirt.
  3. Decorations and Accessories: Dancers can complete their costumes with various decorations and accessories. Women often wear jewelry such as necklaces, earrings, bracelets, and anklets decorated with precious stones or intricate designs. Men wear accessories such as necklaces, bracelets, or tiaras, depending on style and regional differences.
  4. Decorative elements: Garments also have decorative elements such as embroidered borders, sequins, glass, or metal ornaments. These additions increase visual appeal and add a touch of glamor to the entire outfit. It is important to note that there may be variations in dress depending on the region, style, or time Brita dances. Different ensembles or dance troupes can incorporate their unique cultures into the costumes, contributing to the diversity of the costumes.
    The costumes in Brita dance not only show beauty but also represent the heritage and identity of West Bengal. They play an important role in creating compelling and engaging performances while respecting the culture and traditions associated with the dance form.

Musical Instruments Used In Brita Dance

The music of the Brita folk dance in West Bengal is an essential part of the performance, providing the dancers with rhythm and musical foundation. Music creates a strong and festive atmosphere that enriches the whole experience. Here are some highlights of Brita dance music:

  1. Dhak: A dhak is a traditional cylindrical drum made of wood and animal skin. It is the main percussion instrument used in Brita dance. Skilled dhakis (drummers) play dhaks, creating powerful beats and rhythms that guide dance movements.
  2. Dotala: The Potala is a traditional instrument often used in Bengali folk music. It has a resonance chamber, usually made of a gourd with two to four metal strings. Dotara combines music with dance and adds special folk music.
  3. Flute: The flute is a wind instrument sometimes used in Brita dance music. It produces a loud sound that can add heart and beauty to the music, especially in the slower and more expressive part of the performance.
  4. Cymbals: The bell, called the “eagle” or “khhartal”, is a small instrument made of metal. They have two circuits that make a loud and noisy sound when they collide with each other. The cymbals are often played by dancers or musicians to emphasize the rhythms and patterns.
  5. 5. Singing and Singing: Singing and singing are an essential part of Brita dance music. Dancers or accompanying singers may sing ballads, hymns, or celebratory verses. These sounds add depth and emotion to the performance, adding to the action and storytelling. Min, totara, flute, cymbals, and vocals combine to create a beautiful musical performance in Brita Dance. Music, music, and songs work together to support the celebration, culture, and performance associated with this folk dance form. It is worth noting that musical arrangements and measures may vary according to regional preferences and specific interpretations of Brita dance by different dance ensembles or ensembles.


As a fine art form, West Bengal Brita is still practiced and supported by cultural institutions, schools, and community groups. Efforts are made to preserve this beautiful tradition and pass it on to future generations so that it remains an integral part of West Bengal’s heritage. Overall, West Bengal’s Brita dance represents the richness and diversity of Indian folk dance and is a testament to the vibrant cultural heritage of the region. His performance, love of music, and signs make it a truly wonderful experience that captures the spirit and essence of West Bengal.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about Brita Dance of West Bengal:

Q1: What is Brita Dance?

A1: Brita Dance is a traditional folk dance form that originates from the state of West Bengal in India. It is a popular dance form performed during cultural festivals and social celebrations in various parts of the state.

Q2: What are the key features of Brita Dance?

A2: Brita Dance is characterized by its graceful and synchronized movements. It involves a group of dancers moving in a circular formation, often holding hands or linking arms, and performing rhythmic steps and patterns.

Q3: What is the cultural significance of Brita folk Dance?

A3: Brita Dance holds cultural significance in West Bengal as it reflects regional traditions and heritage. It is a form of community dance that brings people together, fosters a sense of unity, and promotes cultural exchange.

Q4: What is the history of Brita Dance?

A4: The exact history and origins of Brita Dance are not widely documented. It has been passed down through generations as a traditional dance form, showcasing the collective spirit and celebration of the local communities in West Bengal.

Q5: What are the costumes worn during Brita Dance?

A5: The dancers usually wear traditional attire, which may vary based on the specific region and cultural influences. In some instances, women wear brightly colored saris or lehengas, while men wear dhotis and kurtas or traditional ethnic wear.

Q6: What kind of music accompanies Brita Dance?

A6: Brita Dance is typically accompanied by traditional folk music from West Bengal. Instruments such as the dhol (drum), dhak (a large membranophone), banish (bamboo flute), and cymbals are commonly used to create rhythmic beats and melodies for the dance.

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